This was probably the toughest budget yet for Prime Minister Narendra Modi, as his government navigates the twin challenges of steering the $2.7-trillion Indian economy out of an unprecedented recession while ensuring more resources to fight the century’s worst pandemic.
Although his personal popularity remains intact, angry farmers on the streets and soaring rates of joblessness had raised budget expectations in the nation that has been the second-worst hit by Covid-19. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman had promised an unprecedented budget aimed at buoying the economy.
Here’s a short list of winners and losers and the launched schemes, from Monday’s budget announcements.
The Covid-19 pandemic prompted Sitharaman to boost healthcare spending by 137% this year, an improvement over the less than 2% of gross domestic product that India has traditionally spent on health annually. The announcement extended shares of hospital operators including Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Ltd., Max Healthcare Institute Ltd. and Narayana Hrudayalaya Ltd. Other companies likely to benefit may include Dr Lal Pathlabs Ltd., Metropolis Healthcare Ltd. and Thyrocare Technologies Ltd.
Real estate & construction
Real estate developers are set to benefit from plans for a new development finance institution to meet funding requirements for infrastructure projects. Godrej Properties Ltd., Oberoi Realty Ltd., and DLF Ltd. and Prestige Estates Projects Ltd. are among those likely to gain
Key infrastructure players like Larsen & Toubro Ltd. and KNR Constructions Ltd. and IRB Infrastructure Developers Ltd. also look set to benefit.
The announcement of an additional 11,000-km of highways and metros, along with rapid rail transport projects for 27 cities, and a long-awaited vehicle scrappage policy boosted stocks of metal companies that will cater to added demand for steel and aluminum. These include Jindal Steel & Power Ltd., JSW Steel Ltd., Tata Steel Ltd., Hindalco Industries Ltd., Vedanta Ltd., Hindustan Zinc Ltd. and Hindustan Copper Ltd.
The government announced it was forming an asset management company to take over stressed assets of banks in an effort to clean up one of the world’s worst pile of bad loans. Banks, insurers rose on plans for setting up a bad-debt manager. State Bank of India Ltd., Bank of Baroda, Canara Bank, Union Bank of India, Bank of India and Punjab National Bank could be among the beneficiaries.
Sitharaman’s announcement of the establishment of seven mega textile parks to be launched in three years could boost the sector, benefiting companies including Century Textiles Ltd., Raymond Ltd., Trident Ltd. and Arvind Ltd. among others.
A higher-than-expected $164-billion borrowing plan for the new fiscal year hit India’s sovereign bonds, which slid after the announcement. The government also plans to raise an another 800 billion rupees by this fiscal year, on top of its projection of record 13.1 trillion rupees of debt sales.
India raised import tariffs on solar and mobile-phone equipment and auto parts, among others. Announced with a view to boosting local manufacturing in line with the government’s focus on self-reliance, the move may raise further concerns about India’s trade policies that are increasingly seen as protectionist.
The farm sector received attention but there were no major announcements that could help address the ongoing unrest on New Delhi’s borders, where thousands are protesting for the repeal of new agriculture laws. There were also no significant announcements on boosting consumption in the rural economy. The budget estimate for expenditure on the rural jobs scheme was 730 billion rupees for the financial year 2022, compared to the 1.1 trillion expenditure in the revised estimate for FY21.
India’s biggest services export contributors received little attention in the budget. There were no sops to boost the future of information technology from Sitharaman this year for companies including TCS Ltd., Infosys Ltd., Wipro, HCL Technologies, Tech Mahindra, along with mid-sized firms like LTI, Mindtree, Persistent and Hexaware.
Aatmanirbhar package amounting to ₹27.1 lakh crore has been introduced to deal with the coronavirus pandemic impact. The minister said that the country has two coronavirus vaccines and will have two more. The PM Garib Kalyan Yojana and three Aatmanirbhar Bharat packages are like 5 mini budgets in themselves, the minister added. The minister announced the centrally-sponsored PM Aatmanirbhar Swastha Bharat Yojana with an outlay of around ₹64,180 crore spread over six years.
Ujwala and Jal Jeevan Mission extension
Ujwala scheme will be extended to cover one crore more beneficiaries. City gas distribution network will be extended to 100 more cities. A gas pipeline project was also announced by the minister for Jammu and Kashmir. Jal Jeevan Mission-Urban was also announced with an outlay of ₹2.87 crore.
Corporates and textiles
Fintech Hub was also proposed to instil confidence in participants among the corporate bond market. The body will help in the development of bond markets. Data Analytics, AI, ML, MCA 21 version 3.0 will be launched to have additional modules for e-adjudication, consultation, compliance management will be launched.
The minister also announced the textile parks scheme with the aim to create seven such parks over the next three years.
Incentive package from the Centre to states will also be proposed by the government for disinvestment in public sector enterprises. The minister has estimated ₹1.75 crore from disinvestment in 2021-22.
To further the National Education Policy (NEP) under the reinvigorating human capital under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat mission the minister said a central university will also be established in Leh for accessible higher education at Ladakh.
With FY 22 budget, it is hoped that economy will get back on track and the welfare schemes would decrease the inequalities caused by the pandemic. In the next quarter, things would be more clear.