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New Education Policy: 10+2 scrapped, 5+3+3+4 to replace, Highlights of NEP

Vishnu Vasisht

The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the new education policy. Also, the Ministry of Human Resource Development has been renamed as the Ministry of Education. The language option has been increased by making major changes in the new education policy. Now it is proposed to teach young children in three different languages ​​along with the local language right from the beginning. In the new education policy, a language course of at least two years is also proposed to be conducted between classes six to eight.

Along with this, in the new education policy, the government has also proposed to prepare a new curriculum for the students. For this, the design of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 has been decided for students from 3 to 18 years. Under this, a 5-year program has been fixed for the initial stage studies of the students. In these 3 years pre-primary and classes 1 and 2 have been added. After this, classes 3, 4 and 5 are placed in the next stage. Apart from this, Class 6, 7, 8 are divided into three-year programs. After all, Class 9, 10, 11, 12 have been placed in the high stage.

Extracurricular activities will be included in the main curriculum. Special provision has been made for Gifted Children and Girl Child. Vocational will be added from class 6 onwards.

A new National Curriculum Framework will be prepared in which ECE, schools, teachers and adult education will be added. Board exams will be divided into sections. Life skills will be added to children's report cards. Education will be ensured for every child in the year 2030. After the exit of school education, every child will have at least life skills.

The committee headed by former president of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), K Kasturirangan, submitted the draft of the new education policy to Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank last year. It was during this time that Nishank took charge of the ministry. The draft of the new education policy was made public for the opinion of various parties and the Ministry received more than two lakh suggestions on it.

Significantly, the current education policy was formulated in 1986 and it was revised in 1992. The theme of the new education policy was included in the election manifesto of the Bharatiya Janata Party before the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. The drafting experts also considered the report prepared by a committee headed by former cabinet secretary TSR Subramanian. This committee was formed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development when Smriti Irani took charge of the ministry.

Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare said that many reforms have been made in higher education. The reforms include graded academic, administrative and financial autonomy etc. "We will achieve 50 percent gross enrollment ratio (GER) by 2035 after new education policy and reforms," he said.

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