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Sino-Indian War to Ladakh Standoff:India now in competence with China

Shubham Sharma

Amidst Eastern Ladakh standoff rising tensions between India and China, none of 2 is agreeing to roll back. Neither the later nor the former have agreed to take 2 steps backwards. This is the second time after Doklam standoff in 2017 which took 73 days to normalise. However, both countries have agreed to solemnly and peacefully resolve the issue once again. But the periodic high tensions created at high altitudes of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Ladakh comprising of Indo-China borders can lead to a major outbreak in the future. Also, this time Indian troops are well equipped and well trained enough to combat any kind of nefarious plans. Let's have a look on the preparedness of both the countries -

Army on the Grounds

In 1962, India was short of artillery and ammunition. India fought the Sino-Indian war with just 4 military bases without tanks and no preparations. But, today Indian Army holds the honour of having maximum military personnel(approx 1.4 million). Indian Army is today well equipped with latest ballistic missiles such as Agni -5 and Brahmos, the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world. Both of these offer a wide range of 5,000km and 600 km respectively. M-777 lightweight howitzers and K-9 Vajra are also a part of the Indian artillery. The T-90 Bhishma Tanks and Bofors guns, which were later used in the Kargil War makes India well protected against its enemies. India has a tank strength of 4,184 with 2,815 armoured fighting vehicles. Indian Army has started building roads in the disputed areas to provide logistics support to the border forces.

On the other hand, after 1962, China has focussed more on diplomatic and economic improvements rather defence ones. Still, it manages to have approx 13000 tanks and 40000 armoured fighting vehicles. China has a towed artillery of around 6000 against India's 4000. The country has around 2600 rocket projectors.It has recently produced its high altitude PCL -181Howitzer guns and Type 15 battle tanks at high altitude areas.

Waterways

Indian Naval Forces are now better equipped with latest missile-launching ships and submarines. This includes INS Khanderi and INS Karanj to enhance underwater capability. The nuclear track submarine INS Arighat, INS Arihant and VC11184, secret missile tracking ship are also available now. In total, India has merchant marine strength of 340 to provide better logistics support. The fleet strength stands at 295 with 10 destroyer ships and 135 patrol crafts. This includes 6 mine warfare crafts and 14 submarines.

On the contrary, China has 4 mine warfare crafts and 36 destroyers. The fleet strength stands at 714. China has only 1 aircraft carrier against India's 2. It has 138 patrol crafts and 48 frigates with 68 submarines. The PLA Navy is the world's largest combatant navy with approx 2,50,000 active personals. Chinese regime is also making certain modifications including technological advancements in its naval warfares. This includes 052 series destroyers and 003 series fleets.

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The Air hustle

This was the branch of which Indian forces were deprived of help in 1962 war. But today, the major changes and purchases are focussed on Air Force of the country. Today India is well equipped with 520 fighter jets including Rafale. India now contains 692 helicopters including Chinook, which can provide logistical support to the forces as well. Also, Indian Air Force now contains India's first pure attack helicopter Apache which can fire 1200 rounds in less than 2 minutes. It can also carry unguided missiles and 80 mm rockets. India today has 346 serviceable airports with airbases in all the 5 commands. The new airbases near borderlines are being built.

Talking about China, the country has 507 serviceable airports. Interestingly, none of its airbase lies near LAC or any other borderline such as Siachen. It has around 1000 helicopters including recently produced Z -20 chopper and 8G large transport helicopter. Along with these, PLA is now focussing more on including technology and thus have introduced new GJ -2 drones to keep an eye in high altitude areas.

Nuclear Weapons

In this Nuclear Age, Nuclear Weapons are another integral part of forces. India has around 120-150 atom bombs against China's 270. Moreover, India has a variety of missiles, ships and launchers to execute nuclear operations if needed. China also carries a wide variety of jets to launch its nuclear explosion.

Previous battles

Previous battles, however, doesn't have a major role to play in a later war but definitely have a psychological impact. Post-1962, India fought with Pakistan thrice -1965,1971 and 1999. All of which it won. Besides these, skirmishes with China in 1967 were also dominated by Indian forces at large.
On the other hand, China fought a single war in Vietnam in1979 and became an autonomous winner in the battle. This victory was also criticised as the Chinese troops actually surrendered in the war against a small force of Vietnam.

Conclusion

Indian Forces today stand at par with Chinese ones. Even in some aspects, Indian troops dominate. So, the Dragon eye must keep its vision away from India.

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