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International Plastic Bag Free Day celebrated but plastic is still being used

Debanjana Dutta

Last year, the central government announced a phased ban on disposable plastic products over the next two years. The state also has laws to stop those plastic bags. However, the law is in name only. Divya is using hidden plastic bags to hide and steal. Friday is also International Plastic Bag-Free Day, which experts are concerned about. Because, even today, the free use of banned plastic bags is noticeable in different parts of the city.

According to experts, plastic is not perishable. So it stays on the ground. Even plastic bags, pots and other materials can remain in the ground for thousands of years. Which is one of the causes of soil and water pollution. According to some experts, not only soil and water pollution, but also plastic waste is harmful to trees.

In the words of Ratna Dutt, Assistant Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, Jadavpur University, “Plastic degrades the quality of soil. It also damages the tree. According to Samit Kumar Roy, a professor in the Department of Polymer Science and Technology at Calcutta University, about 9.4 billion kilograms of plastic waste is generated in the country every year. About 40 percent of the plastic is in an unused stateIn the last 60 years, since 1950, about 630 million tons of plastic waste has been generated worldwide. Of this, 80 percent or 496 crore tons of plastic has remained as indigestible waste in the soil and surrounding environment! In the words of Samitbabu, “the amount of plastic-waste can increase a lot more due to disposable plastics.”

However, the state government has been trying to stop the use of plastic bags for a long time. In a report on plastic waste management policy in West Bengal, the State Urban Development Department cited a joint study by the Central Pollution Control Board and the Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (CIPET), Ahmedabad, on the use of plastics in 70 cities across the country. As seen, the amount of plastic in the total waste of local urban areas of different states is 3.10-12.48 percent. A survey was also conducted on behalf of the Urban Development Department by dividing several municipalities into clusters. It has been observed that the amount of plastic in the daily total waste of North Dumdum, South Dumdum, Dumdum and Barahanagar municipalities is 6.3, 1.8, 1.5 and 4 percent respectively. In the case of Ashoknagar-Habra, the amount is 11.5 and 13.9 per cent respectively. In Jalpaiguri, Navadwip, Krishnanagar and Shantipur, it is 19.6, 25.4, 26.6 and 18.3 percent respectively.

Another survey asked 310 vendors and 630 buyers, a total of 940, to find out how much Kolkata residents are aware of the use of banned plastic bags, according to some officials from the Urban Development Department. Among them, 18 sellers (54 per cent) and 365 buyers (57 per cent) said they used plastic bags less than 40 microns thick. There are also plastic bottles, caps, food packets, market bags, straws and other materials, the destination of which is soil. Ranjana Chowdhury, a professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Jadavpur University, said, “Plastics are made of materials that are not only harmful to humans, but also to carcinogens.” So it is important to stop using plastic bags. ”

Despite this, the use of plastic bags continues. In this situation, the state government has decided to crack down on all the illegal factories that are producing these plastic bags illegally and supplying them to the market. On Friday, Environment Minister Soumen Mohapatra said, “There are some illegal small factories that are making banned plastic bags and distributing them in the market.” We did not carry out adequate surveillance during the lockdown. Those illegal producers have taken that opportunity. I will try to stop them by taking appropriate action against them this time on the instructions of the Chief Minister.

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