The 14th day of September marks an essentially integral event of the majority of the Indian population. Something which we, the Indians continuously utter. Yes, it is our language, Hindi. The eternal of sweetest coherence, the language symbolizes a culture in itself. The language is spoken by the majority of Indians, in one or the other essence. The pronunciation, vocabulary may sound different, but the verbal communication summarises to Hindi.
The origin of the eternal heritage
The language has got its roots in Sanskrit, the mother of all other languages. However, Hindi is a Persian word derived from Hindu which means land of pure river. The language was spoken by those in Sindhu Valley Civilisation, thus naming the language Sindhi originally. Since in the Persian language, 'S' is translated as 'H' thus deviated from Sindhi to Hindi.
The language gradually developed as the mainstream language of dialect connectivity. The Riyasats, the Rajwaras-all used one form or the other of the same. This link was majorly observed in North India, which is still rampant.
Battle of Independence: Hindi was a key
The language was one of the major thread that bonded Indians in the battle of independence. However, the language initiated gaining popularity during the British era despite colonial oppression against Indian languages. The first book in Hindi was written in 1805 by Lallu Lal namely Prem Sagar. The book is based on Lord Shri Krishna's love and affection.
Following the series, Bihar became the first state to give Hindi the status of official language in 1881.
After the book gained popularity, several Hindi journals and magazines were initiated to bring a sense of nationality and integrity among Indians. The first one in series was Banga Dutta initiated from Calcutta in 1822 by Raja Rammohan Roy. The later introduced ones were Pratap by Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi and Harijan Sewak by Mahatma Gandhi. Eminent writers and poets like Munshi Premchand, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi and Mahadevi Verma also began penning down revolutionary articles.
Post Independence: Promoting unity in diversity
After India gained independence, the voices for declaring Hindi as the official language rose up. However, the South Indian community- the Dravidians were against it. Since the language only extended its roots in Northern and Middle Indian provinces, thus Southern regions didn't find their interest fulfilled with Hindi. As a result, respecting national integrity, the Constituent Assembly finalised Hindi as the official language of the country on 14 September 1949, thus providing the base for Hindi Diwas. However, all the government- official works were decided to be proceeded in English. The day also gave Devnagri script, the written form of Hindi the status of official script of the county.
In this way, India still does not possess a single national language. Instead, 22 regional languages have been described and notified in 8th schedule of the Constitution. This depicts the Indian unity in diversity.
The Global support
Coming to 21st century,the demand of the language has gradually increased.This increase has been observed worldwide. Hindi is the mother tongue of more than 200 million people in India. Today, around 77% of Indians know Hindi. Taking the global data,around 750 million people speak Hindi making it the 4th most spoken language in the world. There are 176 universities in the world, which teach Hindi. Out of these, 45 are located in USA. The demand for Hindi content on YouTube is 94% and is growing 5 times faster as English.
Around 25 magazines and journals in the world are published daily in Hindi. Hindi is spoken in more than 150 countries of the world. Fiji and Nepal have Hindi as their official language. Recently in 2019, UAE has given Hindi the status of 3rd language of the country. Every year, 10 January is celebrated as International Hindi Day approved by UN in 2006.
The following data are attributed to the ease of the language. This ease is in analogy to every aspect of any language. The vocabulary, the pronunciation and the comprehension- all are the basic pillars which makes the language easy. The language also holds an additional advantage. It is spoken and written in the same manner unlike English. Thus, the verbal and oral comprehension of the language are same, thus making it easy to communicate.
Indians: Forgetting the roots in the learning process
In India, the affection for the original carriers, the North Indians is gradually decreasing. Though the language is the main language of Delhi, UP, Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, etc. still there are around 9000 government websites which initially open in English rather than Hindi.
Even in schools, colleges and job interviews, one having a trouble with English and soft hand in Hindi is placed in the lower group of literates. Learning and speaking English is nowhere bad, but forgetting the roots for a foreign language is absolutely wrong. English was meant to promote a unified linguistic society,not for eliminating Hindi from the daily life. This denial for self is the reason why the language is still have not been included in the official languages list of UN despite being the 4th most spoken language in the world.
Thus, learn the cultures, learn the languages but don't forget your roots. As truly said, "A county's progress lies in its language".