On this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India formally adopted the Constitution of India that came into force on 26 January 1950. Constitution Day or Samvidhan Diwas (in Hindi) is celebrated annually in India on 26 November. The day is also known as National Law Day. Earlier, the day was observed as National Law Day as a tribute to Ambedkar, the first law minister of the country. The day commemorates the adoption of the Constitution in India. According to a report by Firstpost, the National Law Day commemorates the pledge of Purna Swaraj, passed in the Lahore session of the Congress in 1930. The declaration regarding the day was made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 11, 2015, while laying the foundation stone of the Statue of Equality.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted on Twitter today, "We began to observe 26th November as Constitution Day in 2015. Since then, people across India have been marking it with great fervour. This is a day to express gratitude to the makers of our Constitution and to reiterate our commitment to building India of their dreams."
The day is celebrated to promote Constitution values among citizens. The Constitution Day is celebrated as a mark of tribute to India's first Law Minister BR Ambedkar, who played a pivotal role in drafting the Indian Constitution. The Constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens' justice, equality, and liberty and endeavours to promote fraternity.
“To safeguard democracy the people must have a keen sense of independence, self-respect and their oneness, and should insist upon choosing as their representatives only such persons as are good and true.”- Mahatma Gandhi